+91 9227 700 200
SSG Sonosalpingography Vs HSG Hysterosalpingography

SSG Sonosalpingography Vs HSG Hysterosalpingography

At present, numerous couples are facing trouble in getting pregnant because of infertility. Doctors prescribe some tests to detect the issues affecting fertility. What is SSG & HSG? When to use? Comparison between SSG & HSG- Everything you want to know is right here in this article


Sonosalpingography is a procedure to examine the patency of fallopian tube under ultrasound, when you are suffering from infertility then, it is done as a part of infertility inspection. Before initiating any fertility treatment to conceive, doctor inspects the blockages or other abnormalities in the tube. It is very important to remove blockages from tubes or else this will obstruct you to get pregnant.

Process of Sonosalpingography:

It is very safe, has no side effects and non-invasive technique; no sedation and anesthesia are used while performing this. This process mostly takes only 10-15 minutes.

Keep in mind that this test will be performed 7-8 days after your menses, not during your menstrual cycle. There are no radiations used in this test, some women may find it little painful, however doctor will prescribe some medicine to relieve cramping and pain

Saline Sonosalpingography can check both uterus and fallopian tube at the same time. Some saline will be injected in the uterus in order to get a proper and clear view of inside the uterus. Doctor will perform this process under ultrasound. You will get discharge after 2-3 hours of rest and then you can get back to your normal routine. This test will come forward with any abnormalities and blockages in the tube.


Hysterosalpingography is a kind of X-ray examines the shape of the uterus and patency of fallopian tube to check whether there is any blockage or damage in the fallopian tube. In other words, this is uterosalpingography. This X-ray shows up the view in video instead of a still picture and this kind of X-ray is known as fluoroscopy. Doctor will fill your uterus and fallopian tube with contrast material to get a clear view. It is also used to detect the reason behind the repeated miscarriages. Small dose of ionizing radiations is used to produce a clear picture of inside your body.

What it detects and its process:

This test is performed in order to detect causes behind infertility such as structural abnormalities in uterus, uterus fibroids, polyps or tumor, unwanted tissues in uterus, to check whether surgery to reverse tubal ligation has been successful. blockages or damages in fallopian tube, adhesions etc.

HSG is mostly performed in the first half of the menstrual cycle. Speculum is device which will be inserted in the vagina, so cervix can be viewed clearly and at the end of cervix, local anesthesia will be injected for pain relief. This process can be little painful. While performing HSG, water soluble contrast material is to be filled in the uterus, it contains dye which provides a clear vision in the X-ray. That dye shows the boundaries of size and shape of the uterus and fallopian tube. The fluid may cause mild cramping. You will be asked to make some movements to detect the blockage. If the fluid goes on to the end slowly that means there is no blockage. Later, body will absorb the fluid  totally. This gives a proper or clear view in the X-ray of inside your body.

Comparison Between SSG and HSG:

SSG-Sonosalpingography HSG-Hysterosalpingography
SSG is an ultrasound procedure HSG is an X-ray Procedure
Uterine cavity is filled with Saline in SSG Uses Radio opaque dye in the uterine cavity
No exposure to radiations Exposure of  small dose of radiation in HSG
It is painless procedure It can cause some pain; however, doctors prescribe painkillers
 performed on the 7th day of menstrual cycle mostly performed on the 9th day of the menstrual cycle
It is less expensive It is comparatively bit expensive


Both the tests help to check the uterine cavities or blockages in the fallopian tube. Depending on your situation, doctor will prescribe you the test. These tests shows the reason why are you not conceiving or what is the reason behind your infertility. If you have any query after then, don’t wait to Consult with our fertility specialists with the years and years of experience. Stay connected!