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Do You Know Aboutthe Deadliest Gynecological Cancers?

Do You Know About the Deadliest Gynecological Cancers?

Gynecological Cancer is inferred as the cancer which begins to develop in the women’s reproductive system. It is quite tough to cope with the gynecological disorders even, so one can imagine how much complicated it is to deal with gynecological cancer.

Gynecological cancer takes places in the pelvis of women which is below the belly and in between the hip bone. Common gynecological cancers are cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, vulvar cancer, vaginal cancer. Risk factor of gynecological cancer in women increases with the increase in age .When the cancer is detected at an early age, then it can be treated rightly and in effective way. The chances of recovery are quite less when it is detected at advanced stage.

Know about the deadliest gynecological cancer:

Cervical Cancer:

  • – Cervical cancer starts developing in cervix which is like a tube connecting the top of vagina to lower part of womb.
  • – Cancerous tissues form in the cervix and leads to cervical cancer
  • – Due to the presence of HPV Human papillomavirus infection, cervical cancer usually takes place
  • – Symptoms of cervical cancer: vaginal discharge, bleeding after intercourse, unpleasant smell from vagina, unusual and heavy vaginal bleeding, unexplained pelvic pain, pain or discomfort during sex etc.
  • – It is essential to get regular pap smear test to detect the HPV infection at an early stage
  • – On the early detection of cervical cancer, it can be treated by radical surgery 

Uterine Cancer:

  • – This is sometimes recognized as endometrial cancer, which starts to grow in uterus
  • – Increased risk of endometrial cancer because of obesity, hypertension, excessive use of estrogen, diabetes, use of metabolic syndrome
  • – Endometrial cancer, uterine sarcomas, endometrial tumors are the subdivisions of uterine cancer
  • – Symptoms of uterine cancer: bleeding after menopause, pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse, chronic pelvic pain, unusual bleeding etc.
  • – Endometrial cancers can be easily cured by using minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery 

Ovarian Cancer:

  • – Ovarian cancer is the deadliest cancer in women, which grows in ovaries
  • – It has three types stromal cell cancer, germ cell cancer, epithelial ovarian cancer
  • – Women with family medical history of ovarian cancer are at highest risk
  • – Symptoms of ovarian cancer: bloating, loss of appetite, sudden weight loss, fatigue all the time, increased frequency to pee, pelvic pain, pain and discomfort during intercourse etc.
  • – It can be diagnosed by ultrasound, CT scan, biopsy, MRI
  • – It can be treated by surgery, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy

Vaginal Cancer:

  • – The malignant cells that grow in vagina lead to vaginal cancer
  • – Women with old age i.e., 50 years above and who has HPV infection are at high risk of vaginal cancer
  • – Symptoms of vaginal cancer: Abnormal vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, presence of excessive mass, pain during intercourse or urination, a lump in the vagina, constipation etc.
  • – It can be diagnosed by pap smear test, HPV test, colposcopy, CT scan, pelvic examination, MRI, Positron emission tomography, Biopsy etc.
  • – It can be treated through surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy

Vulvar Cancer:

  • – It is the rarest and most uncommon gynecological cancer, usually experienced by elderly women
  • – The abnormal cells that grow in an uncontrollable way in vulva leads to vulval cancer
  • – It harms the external female genitalia
  • – Symptoms of Vulval cancer: Pain or burning sensation while urination, unusual bleeding or spotting between periods, red and white bumps, white and rough patches in that region, an open sore or ulcer, pain and itching in vulvar area
  • – Women who are older, having HPV infection, having history of genital wards are at high risk of vulvar cancer
  • – It can be diagnosed by pelvic exam, biopsy, colposcopy, CT scan, MRI, PET scan, PAP test, HPV test
  • – Vulvar cancer is considered as highly curable type of gynecological cancer
  • – It can be treated with surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy 

Earlier the cancerous cells are detected, earlier will it be treated. When it reaches the worst stage, it becomes extremely difficult to treat and can be life threatening. It is pretty essential to deal with the reproductive parts in a well-manner by getting regular checkup.