IUI with Donor Sperm

  • Using donor sperm is on the rise with a statistic showing around 2500 women having treatment with the help of a donor every year. This section outlines some important points surrounding use of donor sperm.

Is donor conception  for me ?

  • Using donated sperm is a major decision and you should take your time to think about whether it is right for you. You may want to discuss your decision with family and friends before starting on this journey. All patients embarking on treatment using donor sperm should have a session with our counsellor to explore the implications of the treatment (‘Implications counselling’).

Is it possible to have two  or more children born from the same donor?

  • Yes, providing the donor sperm is available. As a reference, we advise patients to buy 3-4 straws at a time as this ensures the donor does get sold out during your treatment and this also saves you the shipping cost per straw. Reserving sperm may incur a charge. Please note that some sperm banks will store sperm in either ampoules/vials/straws holding between 0.5ml and 1.0ml of sperm.
  • Sperm donation and the law for patients
  • Having treatment at a licensed fertility clinic like your donor will have no legal responsibilities to any children born with their sperm. They would not be named on the birth certificate or be required to support the child financially. The law does not permit anonymous sperm donation. When selecting a donor please ensure that they are legislation compliant. Donor sperm treatment in the regulated by Human Fertilization and Embryology Authority (HFEA).
  • Counselling
  • As part of your IUI donor treatment we would like for you to undertake an implications session prior to treatment. This is also a recommendation by our regulating body, the Human Fertilization and Embryology Authority (HFEA). This is usually undertaken by our Fertility Counsellor. It can be invaluable in ensuring that you have fully explored the implications of having a child conceived through donor conception

What information is  available to me about a potential donor?

  • If you use a donor through the donor banks we have provided, information about a potential donor will include:
  • Height, weight, eye and hair colour
  • Ethnicity
  • Whether they had any children at the time of donation, how many and their gender
  • Marital status and medical history
  • An extended profile of the donor which includes a personal description of the donor and any goodwill messages the donor may have written to any potential children (if available).

What your children can  find out about their donor or donor-related siblings

  • It is natural for your child conceived with the help of donor sperm to want to find out more about their donor or siblings. When your child reaches the age of 18, they will be able to ask for your donors’ name, date of birth and last known address and it is up to them if they want to try and get in touch. The HFEA also provides a donor sibling link where they can connect with any genetic siblings.

Should I choose sperm from  CMV positive or negative donors ?

  • Cytomegalovirus, also known as CMV, is a virus that most adults have been exposed to and are subsequently immune to. In healthy adults and children, CMV can cause flu-like symptoms, which usually last for about one week. If a pregnant woman who is not immune contracts CMV, there is a small risk the child may develop neurologic abnormalities.

    All sperm donors are routinely tested for CMV immunity. If CMV testing indicates the donor has a current infection (positive CMV IgM antibodies), the donor is not eligible to be a sperm donor at that time. If CMV testing indicates the donor only has an old infection (positive CMV IgG but negative CMV IgM antibodies), he will be accepted into the program and his donor profile will indicate CMV positive.

    Based on published studies, the risk of exposure from a donor who tests positive for CMV IgG antibodies but has had no current infection is very low. It is believed that the risk is further reduced through semen processing methods that are currently used. These methods remove white blood cells and seminal fluid from the semen before the sperm is ready to be used. However, if you are CMV negative, i.e. you have never been exposed to CMV, we would advise you to restrict your selection to CMV negative donors.

What treatment options are  available to me with my donor sperm?

  • Super ovulation and IUI will be the initial treatment option using your donor sperm If you are considering having super ovulation and intrauterine insemination, it is important to know
  • What it will be
  • How it will affect you
  • What risks are involved
  • Any alternatives.
  • These options will be discussed with you further during your consultation with a doctor or fertility nurse specialist. You will be given an information leaflet about the treatment offered to you.